Thursday, August 12, 2004


Archaeologists came on the "Opland", 18th century Swedish frigate - Arqueólogos recuperam vestígios do "Opland", uma fragata sueca do Séc. XVIII.


ST. PETERSBURG, August 10 (RIA Novosti) - Sea archaeologists came on the "Opland", 18th century Swedish frigate, lying in the Vyborg Bay bottom of the Gulf of Finland, Rear Admiral Konstantin Shopotov, Rtd., said to Novosti. He is manager and research supervisor of the Baltic Memory society's maritime archaeological expedition.

The "Opland", of 44 cannon, was found at a 13 metre depth in the vicinity of the Paasluotta shoal, site of the Battle of Vyborg, in which the Russian Navy routed the Swedish, June 22, 1790. The find crowned two years' dogged search, says Admiral Shopotov.

The frigate hull, nose and stern were found at sizeable distances from each other, washed apart over the centuries in the sandy sea bottom. The expedition also came on deck gun-carriage fragments, a stock of munitions, and many parts of copper bottom plating, all scattered over a vast area. The "Opland" had been an excellent warship, prove the finds-suffice it to mention the expensive copper plating, which spectacularly increased speed but was rarely afforded in the navies of the time.

One of the most impressive finds, a 160 pint copper wine or beer bowl, in a fine state of preservation, has been taken to the Maritime Archaeological Museum.

The "Opland" has been photographed, and its video footages made. Detailed studies are starting.

The last of the Swedish ships wrecked in the Battle of Vyborg has been recovered. "Now, we can re-create the battle down to the smallest detail, and so revise its historical coverage. Five warships were found in the Paasluotta area alone. As we can now assume, they lost their bearings in an abortive breakthrough to meet their doom," reasons Admiral Shopotov.

This summer is the Baltic Memory's 15th expedition. The society has found, examined and registered more than twenty sunken ships since it was established. Five of them were Swedish warships that met their end in the Battle of Vyborg-the battleships "Loviisa Ulrika", "Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte" and "Enikhetten", the galley "Ertros" and the hermaphrodite brig "Dragoon". A cargo sailer with a freight of granite blocks, wrecked early in the 18th century, was found in the Vyborg Bay last year.

The Maritime Archaeological Museum, in the Vyborg Castle commandant's headquarters, has received a majority of Baltic Memory finds. They are among the most spectacular exhibits of the museum, which is celebrating its 10th establishment anniversary this year.

Vejam o link aqui:

The Swedish-Russian Sea Battles of 1790

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